Category Archives: Investigations

What is an Emotional Affair?

Do you have a friend at work that you share some of your intimate secrets with? Are you finding excuses to try and see this person outside of the office, effectively cutting into your family time?

If this sounds like you, then you may be involved in an emotional affair. Even though there is no physical connection, emotional affairs can be just as devastating to the people involved in them. A marriage is built upon communication and trust, and these two values can be broken if you cross the line with a member of the opposite sex.

It can be difficult balancing your marriage and platonic relationships with coworkers and other friends, but there are certain things that you can do to try and avoid any potential problems down the road with your spouse.

You should not share anything overly personal about yourself that you wouldn’t talk to your spouse about. This can lead to the beginning of an emotional bond that you never intended, but may escalate to a physical affair in the future if it continues. This is particularly true at work, where you should always try to keep the subject matter focused on business instead of pleasure.

To keep your marriage strong, be aware of the pitfalls of engaging in an emotional affair. Is unfair to put your husband or wife in a situation where they have to feel as though they are being neglected at home, so keep the lines of communication open and show them that you care as much as possible.

If you feel you have done your part and your partner is still not responding, your best bet may be to hire a private investigator in order to find out the truth for you.

Online Degree In Criminal Justice: Similar Quality


Is an online degree in criminal justice valid? It’s a question many ask, not only about an online degree in criminal justice, but other degree programs offered through distance learning, specifically via the internet.

Technology and education

Computer technology has certainly bridged the gap in many aspects of our life. Getting an education is one aspect that has benefited from it. Cost has always been a major consideration when high school graduates mull about pursuing higher education.

Traditional criminal justice education, meaning attending classes in schools or university campuses, carried a premium, especially criminal justice bachelor degree programs that normally take four years to complete. This concern would be later addressed by offering criminal justice certificate programs or associate degrees, that could be completed in two years or less while providing entry-level skills for many careers.

Enter the internet technology and suddenly, here was another avenue for conducting criminal justice classes and eventually completing advanced training and education.

Online vs. On-campus Facilities

An online degree in criminal justice is not heavily dependent on actual, hands-on training. It focuses more on theories, principles and policies, and case studies. A criminal justice degree online program is very ideal for distance learning. Yet, even with computers and the internet pervading our lives, many are still dubious about the quality of education they will receive through an online program.

The major differences between online degree programs and courses taught through traditional classroom instruction are the schedules and the actual physical interaction between students and instructors.

With an online degree in criminal justice, you set the hours for your studies and complete it at your own pace or whenever you have available time. You are freed from setting fixed hours because there is no schedule to follow unlike campus learning.

Does this method of learning make it less effective? The truth is it requires more discipline and dedication to complete an online criminal justice degree program. You are only accountable to yourself and your accomplishments are proportionate to the amount of effort you exert.

Criminal Justice Accreditation is key

The key to ensuring your online education will be acceptable and valid is accreditation. Whether it is through a specific accreditation body for the particular field of study or a general education agency that accredits courses and programs offered online.

Most schools offering criminal justice degree programs on campus also have an online version. They have realized the value of it, especially at this time when people are thinking of shifting careers or advancing careers while still holding down jobs.

How To Become A Penologist

If you Have an Interest in the Way the Jail System and Rehabilitation Works, Study as a Penologist

Not many people know what a penologist is, so it is important to clarify the role before learning more. Penology is everything having to do with the penal system, so it is involved with the way the prison system operates, the way people are rehabilitated by it and the theories that tie them together. In this field you will be working directly in the environment to see it all happen, so you need to be mentally equipped to spend your days in prisons and with inmates. Your job is to interview and evaluate the system, interact with the guards and the inmates and assess the efficiency of the system, so it is a vital role to stay ahead of the game in criminal justice and to keep finding new, innovative and effective ways to help convicts. Going to jail shouldn’t only be about punishment but also about change and redemption so that inmates can one day be released back into society, and a penologist is concerned with making this happen.

Educational Requirements

In general, getting a job as a penologist will require you to have a 4 year bachelor’s criminal justice degree which you can pursue online if you choose to, at schools like the University of Phoenix Online or Liberty University Online. Popular degree choices include psychology, criminal justice or justice administration, in which you will study the history of American prisons, to objectives of the penal system, types of punishments, reasons and reactions of going to prison and what life is like there. You will also cover different issues that the prison system is faced with, like budgets, being too crowded, and the controversial issue of the death penalty. Having this type of background will help you further understand the problems that need to be corrected and the reality of the situation which will help you manage your expectations and prepare for entering the system and seeing it first hand.

Job Duties

A penologist has many different duties within the prison system, all working closely with inmates, prison guards, parole and probation officers. They will be involved in how the prison is setup and the architecture of the facility, they will help develop management policies and they will help run self help programs for prisoners. Additionally, they will study and analyse the way prisoners are treated and the entire road to their rehabilitation. With more and more crimes being committed and prisons becoming overcrowded, the outlook for this job compared to other careers in criminal justice is good according to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, with expected rises in the industry, and a typical penologist will earn about $26,000-$40,000 a year. The penal system needs to be addressed because if it isn’t constantly evolving and developing it will no longer be effective, so a penologist is the person who is qualified and involved enough to do it.

How To Become A Park Ranger

Combine your Love of Nature with your Desire to Educate the Public as a Park Ranger
It is important to protect whatever nature we have left, since too many areas are being paved over and transformed into extensions of the city. It’s also important for people to be educated about the natural plants and wildlife we have growing and living in our country, so it’s the job of a park ranger to see to both of these things. We all like to take a break from the stress of the city and enjoy the country once in a while, but without the protection of park rangers, things like getting lost, animal attacks and bad plant reactions could dissuade you. A park ranger plays an important role in allowing people to enjoy nature safely and making sure that our natural areas remain undisturbed and safe.

Necessary Training

Education is critical in the role of a park ranger, because the higher the degree you get, the better the salary outlook. An associate’s criminal justice degree is the bare minimum, and it can be taken in fields like business, law enforcement, criminal justice, public administration, park and recreation management, biology or environmental sciences. It can also be done online at places like Ashford University or Liberty University Online. A 4 year bachelor’s degree in any of those fields is becoming more and more in demand though, so be sure of the exact requirements when you apply. It is even becoming more common for people to earn their masters degrees to ensure better chances of being promoted and earning more money, because without higher degrees, the average salary is about $24,000-$37,000 which is low compared to other careers in criminal justice. It is also a field that will probably not grow too much in the coming years and is largely dependant on the condition of the environment, so obtaining advanced degrees puts you at the top of the competition.

Job Duties

A park ranger must be able to work independently and be prepared for any type of crisis or emergency, but they may also be placed in a team situation or be required to take on a leadership role, so the ability to adapt easily is key. Depending on where a ranger is located, whether it be in a park or in rural, wilderness areas, the duties could change. In general they are in charge of the overall well-being and safety of the people visiting the area, as well as responsible for the respect and care of the natural area. They could be called in on urgent cases like fires, lost hikers, animal attacks or injuries, or they could work on developing conservation projects, giving tours and educating the public. They will also work in an environmentalist capacity by studying the natural wildlife behavior and the quality of the air and water. A park ranger wears many hats, but overall they are concerned with the conservation and longevity of the country’s natural regions.

How To Become A Paralegal

A Lawyer’s Right Hand Assistant is a Paralegal
If training and practicing as a lawyer is not the lifestyle you want, but you crave the fast pace and excitement of working in law, perhaps being a paralegal or legal assistant is right for you. It requires someone with a passion for the law who can dedicate themselves to research, organization and preparation of cases, and if these qualities sound like you, you could be joining the field at the right time, for the US Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts a very rapid growth of this industry compared to other careers in criminal justice; with a projected increase of about 28% until 2018. Those numbers are much higher than most other professions, and matched with earnings that average around $46,000 but that can rise up to over $73,000, it can be a very exciting and lucrative industry to breach.

Educational Requirements

To become a paralgel doesn’t necessarily require extensive studying, and there are different ways to go about your education. From high school, you can apply to a community or vocational school to a 2 year associate’s criminal justice degree program. This is the most common way of entering the field, and there are extensive online schools, like Remington College Online or Kaplan University – School of Legal Studies, that offer the training you need from home. If at all possible though, try to enrol in an American Bar Association (ABA) approved program as it will enhance your opportunities later on. If you already have a degree in another field, you can also simply take a certificate program in paralegal studies that you can complete in around 6 months. Associate’s degree programs may give you the added advantage of doing an internship, but all courses of study will cover methods of legal research and using the computer for legal applications.

Job Role

There are so many paralegal jobs opening because more and more tasks that a lawyer would normally do are being passed to legal assistants, leaving the lawyer with more free time to handle court work. A paralegal is therefore employed to basically prepare a court case by doing all the research, analysis and preparation of legal documents like treaties or contracts. They are also skilled to handle basic legal problems, but they are not allowed to give any legal advice or present any of the cases in court. A legal assistant is essential to a lawyer since they will essentially do all the background work required to make the case, and so having strong investigative skills, knowledge of the law and attention to detail are critical for a paralegal.

Criminal Justice Salary For Top Jobs

How competitive is the criminal justice salary? Which among the jobs in criminal justice earn the highest criminal justice salary in 2009 and 2010?

How much do they make?

The most popular among criminal justice careers is a police or sheriff’s patrol officer. But according to PayScale, the highest paid is the FBI agent, which only ranks 20 in the list. The national median pay for a police officer is $58,100 while the FBI agent’s is $119,000.

Among the top 10 most popular, a detective or criminal investigator is ranked fourth, but earns the most at $80,200. This is followed by a security director, ranked 10th, who oversees physical, personnel and grounds security. He makes $78,700.

A loss prevention agent earns the lowest with $28,900, but ranks 9th in the list.

More people tend to be attracted to private employment in the field of criminal justice. Aside from the police, only the probation officer or correctional treatment specialist is listed among the popular professions employed by local or government agencies. The median criminal justice salary for this job is $46,100.

Factors Affecting Criminal Justice Pay Scales

Like most professions, factors affecting criminal justice wages include location, demand for workers, and your qualifications and experience.

The criminal justice pay scale is no different. While there is always a need for law enforcers — both in the local, state or federal level – judicial personnel, and other specialists in the field of criminal justice, the scope of responsibilities and the expertise required in the job are also determining factors when it comes to wages.

With higher education and training, your qualification necessarily increases. The more skills and experience gained, your justice criminal salary will proportionately increase.

A legal administrative assistant, who earns a paralegal certification in a year’s time or less will be able to get work faster. But one who completes an associate degree in two years will have more skills entering the workplace and may thus be paid more.

PayScale lists a paralegal as the second most popular criminal justice career with a national median salary of $53,100.

One advantage of being in the criminal justice profession is that you can be qualified to work even without a criminal justice degree on hand. What is required is having some college credits, even if this is for some other unrelated field. But in the long term, it is always best to pursue further studies, preferably a formal one related to the job you are performing, to advance in your chosen career.

The criminal justice salary may help you decide whether to be part of this profession or not. Just remember there are many criminal justice job opportunities available that may suit your interests and abilities.

Many people are actually pursuing careers in criminal justice, given the more complex issues in security such as terrorism and global crime.

If you have a passion to serve, whether it be in the field of law enforcement, corrections or security, the criminal justice salary is rewarding enough.

Criminal Justice Masters Degree

Who needs a criminal justice masters degree? If you’ve been on the job for several years and find fulfillment working in this profession, your next goals will likely be: a leadership or management position, or a specialization in a specific discipline relating to criminal justice, which requires a criminal justice masters degree.

Criminal justice encompasses a broad field. It is not merely about law enforcement, but the judicial system, corrections and probation. With terrorism rearing its ugly head, security issues have become more complex.

And while the pay naturally increases with additional experience and education, there is a need among professionals to do better at serving the public in terms of public safety and security.

Why take a master’s degree?

This then is the value of a criminal justice masters degree. You’ve done time learning the ropes – criminal investigations, the judicial system, corrections and probations – and you now want to go a step higher by setting the policy and direction on how to better administer law and order. Earn a master science criminal justice degree.

The program, offered on campus, but with online courses becoming more popular, is an in-depth and advanced study of criminal justice from the management and administrative perspective.

The curriculum includes advanced courses of the various fields of criminal justice system such as law enforcement, corrections, and juvenile justice, and will also tackle criminological theories and social science research.

Completion of a criminal justice masters degree will give students the skill to analyze issues and decisions made at the administrative level, demonstrate a better understanding of criminological theories, identify features of the modern justice system and become familiar with modern criminal justice research.

Fields of specialization

On the other hand, if you are after specialization, there are other criminal justice degree programs on the masteral level that you can pursue:
Criminal Behavior – focuses on examining the relationship between psychology and the criminal justice system, learning skills on crisis intervention, counseling, personality assessment and research methods.
Homeland Security Administration – concentration on responses and effectiveness to address terrorism threats and natural disasters
Forensic Science – is an in-depth study of collecting, analyzing and preserving samples in a crime for use as evidence in resolving criminal cases. Chemistry and biology are strong foundations.
Cyber Crime – concentration on computer security, networks and systems, digital forensics, cyber crime and security.
Criminal Justice Administration – aims to develop in professionals the ability to analyze, comprehend and resolve the complex problems surrounding the judicial system.
Global issues in criminal justice – this program was developed on the premise that crime no longer recognizes borders and professionals must be aware of global issues that impact on the criminal justice system.
Criminal justice colleges do not offer the same programs for their masteral degrees. You will have to research on which schools will give you the education you need.

But if you enjoy your work as a criminal justice professional and are looking to do better in the future, your next course is to find the criminal justice masters degree most suited for you.

Criminal Justice Degree Jobs: Take Your Pick

There are many criminal justice degree jobs to choose from. In fact, not all criminal justice degree jobs require a criminal justice degree to begin work, but you’re always a step ahead of the competition if you do have one.

Criminal justice careers are divided into several categories: law enforcement, federal law enforcement, corrections, law/courts, security and forensic science.

Law enforcement jobs

The most common jobs we associate with criminal justice are the ones related to law enforcement. This includes police officers or sheriffs and their deputies, state troopers, detectives or crime investigators, and public safety officers.

They usually need to undergo specialized training for their jobs, and while college credits are now being required for applicants, it does not necessarily have to be a program in criminal justice.

Federal law enforcement is different not only because they are jobs at the federal level but also due to the sensitive nature of assignments. Agents in the FBI, DEA, CIA are among those in this category. Border patrol agents, immigration officers and U.S. Air Marshals also belong to this group. They are among the highest paid criminal justice degree jobs.

Corrections is a field of its own and usually deals with offenders after they have been meted a sentence for their crimes. Criminal justice job opportunities in this area include positions for parole officer, probation officer, juvenile probation officer and corrections officer. The median salary for a correctional officer is $42,795.

A correctional counselor is also needed to take care of the psychological needs of those who are incarcerated. A more specialized career is that of a Victim Witness Assistant. They are tasked to guide crime victims during the court proceedings, help them receive restitution, and provide crisis intervention.

While the job entails close coordination with victims, formal education is valuable especially in the areas of psychology or psychiatry and to get an overview of the criminal justice system. These criminal justice degree jobs are in demand because they are usually located per locality to have better affinity with victims.

Graduates working in the field of law or courts include the court reporters, court clerks, bailiffs, juvenile court registrars and legal researchers or legal assistants. They may qualify for positions even with associate degrees, but eventually pursue further studies for career advancement or managerial or administrative jobs.

Forensic science is a highly specialized area of criminal justice. Forensic scientists or crime scene investigators (CSI) play a vital role in judicial process, particularly in resolving cases. They provide the evidence to use in convicting or acquitting suspects of crimes. This is one of the criminal justice degree jobs that have grown in popularity in recent years, thanks to television shows that feature this profession.

Still, there are several positions within the forensic science field, including a finger print examiner, forensic nurse, forensic pathologist, forensic psychologist, and forensic serologist aside from the more commonly known forensic examiner or CSI.

The average salary for forensic expert jobs is $60,000. Starting salaries for forensic scientists are between $40,000 and $50,000, even without experience. A crime lab director can earn up to $120,000.

Careers in criminal justice are varied, but each one offers their own rewards and fulfillment. Earning a criminal justice degree will boost your chances of advancing in whatever area you choose to specialize on.

In general, the criminal justice salary is competitive and often lucrative particularly for specialty areas. It all depends on your qualifications, both on a personal level and the kind of training and education you received.

Criminal justice degree jobs will continue to grow, and you can cash in on them, too.

Criminal Justice Degree – Deciding On Jobs And Programs

You can earn a criminal justice degree within two to four years. Your choice of a criminal justice degree program will largely be determined by factors such as cost, schedule and how soon you want to start working.

Shortest route

The fastest is by way of an associate degree that can be completed in two years or even less, through distance learning. Many law enforcement agencies, especially at the state and federal levels, now require college credits from its applicants and this will be handy to boost your chances of being accepted.

An associate degree will give you an overview of the criminal justice system, particularly the 3 Cs: cops, courts, corrections. Knowledge about these areas will prepare you for entry-level work in this field. You should also determine what specific area in criminal justice you wish to concentrate on to get more definitive training.

Police officers do not necessarily require a criminal justice degree to be qualified for the job. But they will eventually need criminal justice education to advance.

You can benefit from a criminal justice associate degree with other entry-level positions in this field, such as crime investigators, court clerks, forensic technicians or corrections officer.

More intensive studies

Earning a criminal justice bachelor degree will make you more qualified for your chosen career. This is especially good for federal law enforcement workers such as agents of the FBI, CIA, DEA or the Secret Service, who handle cases that are sensitive in nature.

Likewise, those who wish to specialize in forensic science are better equipped with a bachelor degree. However, your competence at the job will also be based on the quality of hands-on training you received and not just your criminal justice degree.

Bachelor degrees are usually completed in four years. But those who have associate degrees can credit their previous courses and earn this in less time.

Boosting your criminal justice career

People already enjoying rewarding careers in criminal justice eventually aspire for leadership, management or administrative positions. A master degree will prepare them to understand all aspects of criminal justice from the viewpoint of a manager or administrator. They will learn the skills for formulating policy directions to better implement the law and ensure the peace and order within a community.

There are criminal justice master degree programs for justice leadership, justice administration and justice management.

Criminal justice careers in the private sector also benefit from specializations, particularly in the area of security, loss prevention, fraud and cyber crimes. Some colleges and universities have developed specialized training courses for these.

You may also wish to go into teaching or training, for which a master or PhD degree will qualify you for such criminal justice job opportunities.

Most, if not all, criminal justice degree programs are also available online. Distance learning has made it more convenient to pursue further studies, or to allow the completion of more formal education not just in criminal justice but in most disciplines.

The list grows longer the more specific each area of criminal justice becomes. But a criminal justice degree is a good start for building a rewarding career.

Criminal Justice Courses: Building Blocks For Your Career

Criminal justice courses offered in colleges and universities help build the foundation to understanding the field of criminal justice better. These criminal justice courses are usually divided into the basic and advanced courses.

Whether you are taking up a criminal justice associate degree or a bachelor degree in criminal justice, these are the most common in all curriculum, with certain variations per educational institution. The same courses are offered even for online criminal justice degree programs.

Depending on the level of degree you are working towards, the number of criminal justice courses you need to complete for your program will vary. Some criminal justice classes are electives, most are required. And once you have decided which particular area you want to concentrate on professionally, you can then choose which courses are suitable for your needs.

Basic Criminal Justice Training Courses

Most criminal justice degrees, such as a criminal justice associate degree or bachelor degree, will include the following basic courses:

Introduction to Criminal Justice – provides a broad overview of the United States criminal justice system. This introduces students to all aspects of criminal justice including the law, legal theories and administrative challenges. It discusses the entire process of arrest through conviction, incarceration and re-entry into society.

Introduction to Law Enforcement – discusses the history and major functions of modern law enforcement agencies and the people behind them. It also provides an overview of careers and opportunities.

Criminal Procedure and evidence – the course is a comprehensive review and in-depth analysis of rules of evidence and criminal procedural law in the United States. Emphasis is on arrest, search and seizure, confessions and admissions, the privilege against self-incrimination, the right to counsel, the exclusionary rule and its exceptions, burden of proof, and procedural due process.

Juvenile delinquency and justice – tackles the judicial approaches to handling minor criminal offenders, the sociological and cultural aspects of delinquency; and its causes, potential deterrents and modes of rehabilitation.

Family Law – explores the relationship between family, judicial and social services systems in the United States. Specific topics include family, marriage, parent-child relationships, divorce, property division and child custody among others.

Advanced Criminal Justice courses

Criminal Law – this is an introductory study of criminal law and general legal principles. Students will learn the concept of crime and development of criminal law, defenses to criminal charges and the specific types of crimes.

Correctional treatment strategies – the course addresses issues and treatment strategies relative to intervention with criminal offenders. It teaches classification of offenders based on their needs, and the various treatment programs available.

Criminology – the course defines crime, what causes crime and its consequences. It deals with crime and punishment and offers an understanding of crime in the social context.

Victimology – the social scientific study of criminal victimization. It explains crime from the viewpoint of the victims of crime. It may include research and theories on victimization, consequences of victimization and practical responses to victimization.

Judicial Process – will focus on the many aspects of the judicial process, from concepts of law and courts, and an examination of American legal system, including the power of the courts.

Organized Crime – the course tackles the origins and development of organized crime in America. It shall examine the different structures of organized criminal enterprises, as well as various models used to describe organized crime.

There are other courses on homeland security, policing, investigation, forensic science, drug crimes, and even international crime studies. They can be offered under a single program or variations of them, depending on the school you are attending.

Criminal justice courses, especially those at introductory levels will give students an overview of the various aspects of criminal justice. As security issues and legal matters become more complex, focused training is also developed and incorporated in every curriculum of criminal justice degree programs.